(Civil, Electrical, Mechanical, Ocean and Naval Architecture, Process)
Engineers work in teams with technologists, skilled trade workers and other professionals. The duties of an engineer may involve designing and developing new products or testing and maintaining existing products or equipment. An engineer in the oil & gas industry can become highly specialized in one area or work in a variety of fields, including design, project estimation, project planning and field engineering.
Program: Bachelor of Engineering (Co-op)
Institution: Memorial University of Newfoundland (St. John’s Campus)
Duration: Five years (common first year, specialization in years two to five)
- Students must meet the general entrance requirements for Memorial University
- Admission to the Bachelor of Engineering program is competitive; an average of 80% or higher in high school advanced math, chemistry, physics and English can be considered a minimum recommendation.
Engineering is a co-operative (co-op) program with eight semesters of school and at least four work terms. Students can choose from six different majors and there are offshore oil & gas engineering courses that can be taken by any major as electives. In the first year (Engineering One), all students take the same courses, including English, math, physics, chemistry and engineering fundamentals. Then they get to pick their focus area.
Here are the relevant engineering majors offered at Memorial University:
Civil engineering focuses on the design and construction of infrastructure (eg. buildings, bridges, airports, roads). In the oil & gas industry, civil engineers design offshore and onshore structures and facilities (eg. offshore production facilities, drill rigs, refineries, tankers). They also manage projects and test and inspect structural components of infrastructure to ensure safety. Civil engineering students can further specialize in areas like structural, construction, geotechnical, water resources, offshore and ocean.
Electrical engineering focuses on the design and manufacturing of electrical equipment and the production, transmission and distribution of electricity. Examples of electrical engineering jobs in the oil & gas industry include designing more efficient generation plants on offshore platforms and testing new pieces of electrical equipment to ensure safety standards are met. Electrical engineering students study control systems, electromagnetics and antennas, power systems, electronics, communications and computer hardware and software.
Mechanical engineering is the broadest and most diverse of the engineering disciplines. Mechanical engineers design and repair machines and mechanical systems. Examples of mechanical engineering jobs in the oil & gas industry include designing robotic arms on subsea vehicles and redesigning ventilation systems on offshore oil platforms. Mechanical engineering students study design and dynamics, thermo-fluids, mechatronics and manufacturing.
Ocean and Naval Architecture Engineer
Ocean and naval architectural engineering focuses on the design and construction of ships, offshore structures and other large ocean equipment. Examples of ocean and naval architecture engineering jobs in the oil & gas industry include designing and building wave-measuring buoys, underwater vehicles and sonar systems. This engineering program is rated one of the top programs of its kind in North America and is the only cooperative program in ocean and naval architectural engineering in the world.
Process engineering focuses on environment, safety and natural resource use in a sustainable manner. Examples of process engineering jobs in the oil & gas industry include finding ways to improve the production and extraction of oil resources. Students in process engineering can further specialize in the petroleum stream and focus on petroleum geology, drilling, reservoir and production engineering.
Certification: Graduates receive a Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng.) degree. Many graduates are employed in the local oil & gas industry and continue training with their employer.
A Bachelor of Engineering graduate may choose to register with the Professional Engineers and Geoscientists Newfoundland and Labrador (PEGNL) as a Professional Engineer (P.Eng.). This designation can be obtained after two years of relevant work experience and completion of an exam.